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The Preamble is a statement of political purpose, a legal mandate and requirement, and a strict rule of interpretation.

Last Updated on July 17, 2023 by Constitutional Militia

Preamble: Strict rule of interpretation with respect to everything that follows.

If the “homeland” (an Establishment propaganda term) is the United States of America, then obviously her “security” is defined by her Constitution, because there cannot be security without law, and the Constitution is the supreme law of the land. Just as obviously, those who are to benefit from that security are the authors of the Constitution and their descendants: We the People. The essentials of America’s true, historic “homeland security” are to be found in the Preamble to the Constitution:

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

The purposes the Preamble identified in the original Constitution WE THE PEOPLE intended to be permanent. And, since 1788, no one has ever proposed that even one of those purposes should be expunged from the Constitution. The original Constitution incorporated “the Militia of the several States” as permanent establishments within its federal system so that the goals of the Preamble would be served. To that end, the original Constitution empowered Congress “[t]o make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution” its enumerated powers with respect to the Militia.[1] Moreover, the original Constitution explicitly assigned and entrusted to the Militiaand to only the Militia, the critical authority and responsibility “to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions”[2]—without the fulfillment of which, when necessary, the Union could have been expected not to survive. So, from 1788 onwards, in order to satisfy the Preamble, it was always “necessary and proper” as a matter of law for Congress actually “[t]o provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia”[3] in some sufficient manner at all times. Congress’s powers with respect to the Militia, then, constituted duties which it was required to fulfill to the maximum extent practically possible either through the General Government’s own action or through reliance on the States or the people—whether the Second Amendment had existed or not.[4]

The specific problem of how to interpret the language of the Constitution first arose—and was definitively solved for all time thereafter—in the late 1700s. The original Constitution was ratified in State Conventions from 7 December 1787 through 21 June 1788; and the Bill of Rights was ratified by the States’ legislatures from 20 November 1789 through 15 December 1791.[1]  At that point in time, in order to be “ratified” in any rational sense of that verb, the original Constitution and the Bill of Rights individually and together had to have meanings, in every word and phrase, fully accessible to the individuals who ratified them—that is, WE THE PEOPLE who the Preamble itself asserts “ordain[ed] and establish[ed] this Constitution”, and their representatives in the States’ legislatures. THE PEOPLE and their representatives had to understand exactly what they were “ordain[ing] and establish[ing]” and “ratifying”. Before they took those fateful steps, they had to be assured of far more than that the original Constitution and its Amendments would be explained to them, piece by piece in some random fashion, only at unpredictable later dates in an uncertain future, and then only according to the unilateral interpretations of public officials whose identities they did not yet know, or might never know, and of whose competence and good faith they could have no guarantee. So THE PEOPLE must have believed that no facts material to any question of constitutional interpretation were unascertainable in principle, let alone affirmatively withheld or knowingly and willfully misrepresented by their agents in the Federal Convention that drafted the original Constitution, the State Conventions that ratified it, the Congress that drafted the Bill of Rights, and the State legislatures that ratified the first ten Amendments.[2]


1.) See House Document No. 94-539, 94th Congress, 2d Session (Washington, D.C.: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1976) at 10, 12. Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the American States, House Document No. 398, 69th Congress, 1st Session (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927), at 1007-1061, 1063-1067.

2.) The Sword and Sovereignty: The Constitutional Principles of “the Militia of the several States”, Front Royal, Virginia CD ROM Edition 2012, by Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr., page 27-28.

1.) U.S. Const. art. I, § 8, cl. 18.

2.) U.S. Const. art. I, § 8, cl. 15.

3.) U.S. Const. art. I, § 8, cl. 16.

4.) The Sword and Sovereignty: The Constitutional Principles of “the Militia of the several States”, Front Royal, Virginia CD ROM Edition 2012, by Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr., page 1433-1434 (bold face type emphasis supplied).

5.) On the legal terminology of “rights”, “powers”, “privileges”, and so on employed in this website, see Wesley N. Hohfeld, Fundamental Legal Conceptions As Applied In Judicial Reasoning (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1964); Arthur L. Corbin, “Legal Analysis and Terminology”, 29 Yale Law Journal 163 (1919).

6.) Id. at 4, page 13.

7.) See “Homeland Security” For What and for Whom?” by Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr.

8.) Id.

Constitutional Militia
Constitutional Militia
Constitutional Militia are State government institutions, thoroughly civilian in character. It is by the efforts of "the Militia of the several States", that the "security of a free State" can be preserved throughout the Union.
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