“[T]HE defence of one’s self, or the mutual and reciprocal defence of such as stand in the relations of husband and wife, parent and child, master and servant. In these cases, if the party himself, or any of these his relations, be forcibly attacked in his person or property, it is lawful for him to repel force by force; and the breach of the peace, which happens, is chargeable upon him only who began the affray. For the law, in this case, respects the passions of the human mind; and (when external violence is offered to a man himself, or those to whom he bears a near connection) makes it lawful in him to do himself that immediate justice to which he is prompted by nature, and which no prudential motives are strong enough to restrain. It considers that the future process of law is by no means an adequate remedy for injuries accompanied with force; since it is impossible to say, to what wanton lengths of rapine or cruelty outrages of this sort might be carried, unless it were permitted a man immediately to oppose one violence with another. Self-defence therefore, as it is justly called the primary law of nature, so it is not, neither can it be in fact, taken away by the law of society.” (footnote 1)
Blackstone, of course, was for Americans but the last in a long line of legal commentators who held that self-defense arises out of Natural Law or natural reason. (footnote 2)
1.) Commentaries on the Laws of England,(Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Robert Bell, American Edition, 4 Volumes & Appendix, 1771-1773), Volume 3, at 3-4 (footnote omitted) (bold-face emphasis supplied).
2.) See, e.g., David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant, & Joanne D. Eisen, “The Human Right of Self-Defense”, 22 Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law 43 (2008), at 60-96, describing and quoting from the teachings of Giovanni de Legnano, Francisco de Vitoria, Pierino Belli, Francisco Suarez, Alberico Gentili, Hugo Grotius, Samuel Pufendorf, Emer de Vattel, and Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui. As this article explains, however, the United Nations Organization and influential political forces and special-interest groups aligned with it are now concerting their efforts drastically to limit, if not to eliminate, the right of self-defense with firearms for private individuals everywhere throughout the world. The evident goal of this cabal is to supplant “the primary law of nature”—and, by extension, the entire corpus of the “law of nature”—with “the law of [their] society”. Also see The Sword and Sovereignty: Constitutional Principles of “the Militia of the several States” by Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr., Multimedia CD, (2012), page 761.