Two principles of political science that have existed for centuries are fundamental powers in the founding documents: the power of the purse and the power of the sword. Two fundamental principles for maintaining any government. Although our founding documents do not use these exact terms, the principles are self-evident.
- Power of the Purse – That is the power to command wealth and redistribute it through taxes to pay for public services.
- Power of the Sword – That is military coercion. The essence of government is coercion, to make people perform their duties or suffer some other consequence.
These two great powers of government are linked— without the “power of the purse” you cannot pay for the “sword” and without “the power of the sword” you cannot fill the “purse”.