State Issued

Militia: Legal Structure

The legal structure of the constitutional Militia is the entirety of the able-bodied adult population, properly organized, armed, and disciplined pursuant to statute in some effective manner at all times. This ties in directly with Congress’s constitutional power and duty “[t]o provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia”. By incorporating “the Militia of the several States” into its federal structure, the Constitution ensures that such “Militia”—and, absent an Amendment, only such “Militia”—will always exist under its aegis.

Sovereign Entity

Militia: A Sovereign Entity

Militia: A Sovereign Entity“THE MILITIA OF THE SEVERAL STATES” ARE INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT, THOROUGHLY CIVILIAN, WHICH ARE LARGELY OUTSIDE THE JURISDICTION OF CONGRESS THAT...
Senior Class

Senior Class

The Senior ClassThe separate status of the Senior Class did not entail inferior organization. To the contrary: The Senior Class was highly organized throughout...
The Watch and the Ward

“Watch” and the “Ward”

"Watch" and the "Ward"To this day the Militia retain the explicit constitutional authority—that no police forces share —“to execute the Laws of the Union”...
Militia Companies

Independent Companies

Independent Militia Companies Contrary to popular belief circulating among many patriots today, constitutional Militia are not formed by a well-intentioned group of people in possession...
Militia Fines

Fines

Fines: A Means of Enforcement to Regulate the Militia. Pre-constitutional Militia enforced discipline by levying fines against defaulters. And that these statutes were not paper...
Militia Exemptions

Exemptions

Legal definition of "exemption" In general, “to exempt” means “o privilege; to grant immunity from”. More specifically here, “to exempt” means “o release or deliver...
Virginia MIlitia

Virginia “Regulating” Her Militia

Pre-constitutional Virginia Regulating Her Militia From the earliest days, Virginia recognized, as she declared in 1672 and reaffirmed in 1676, that “against all tymes of danger...
Militia Rhode Island

Rhode Island “Regulating” Her Militia

Pre-constitutional Rhode Island Regulating Her Militia As was the case in Virginia and throughout the other Colonies and then independent States, in their titles, their bodies,...
Settle the Militia

“Settle” the Militia

"Settle" the MilitiaThe United States Constitution followed the long established legal pattern (see for example, Virginia and Rhode Island) of "settling" the Militia in...
State Governor

Governor

Governor: No Arbitrary Powers Over the Militia Because of the apparently broad powers that Governors in Virginia as well as other Colonies and then independent...
"well regulated Militia" 2nd Amendment

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